The cervix is a cylinder-shaped tissue that connects the lower part of a woman’s uterus to her vagina. Cervical cancer is a form of cancer that begins in cells on the surface of the cervix. A sexually transmitted infection, the human papillomavirus (HPV) plays an important role in causing most cervical cancer.
This virus survives for years and involves the process that causes cervical cells to become cancer cells. Low doses of chemotherapy are used with the combination of radiation therapy to kill cervical cancer cells. Consult with an expert oncologist to get the best treatment of chemotherapy in Siliguri.
In general, women’s health is a serious point and very complex process that needs care and support. But among all, reproductive health is much vital for every woman as it includes the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries and it also leads to pregnancy.
Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer
- Vaginal bleeding after sex
- Vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods
- Unusual bleeding after menopause
- Bloody vaginal discharge
- Pain in the pelvis
- Heavy menstrual periods
In case of severe cancer:
- Feeling of illness
- Pain during urination
- Blood during urination
- Loss of weight
- Loss of appetite
- Swelling in the legs
If the above-mentioned symptoms last more than two weeks then a complete gynecological examination including a Pap smear is needed.
Usually, cervical cancer causes symptoms at the late stages that's why many women with this disease don’t realize they have early on.
When the symptoms occur, you should consult a doctor as it is often mistaken for common conditions like menstrual periods and urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Risk Factors Involves In Developing Cervical Cancer
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Socio-economic status
- Weakened immune system
- Birth control pills
- Having more sexual partners
- Early sexually active
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
Diagnose & Treatment Of Cervical Cancer
The first and foremost step of diagnosis starts with screening tests that include:
- Pap test
- HPV DNA test
During diagnosis, your doctor may use punch biopsy, endocervical curettage, electrical wire loop, and cone biopsy. After determining you have cervical cancer, your doctor will ask you to go for further tests such as X-ray, CT, MRI, positron emission tomography (PET) to determine the stage of cancer.
At cancer hospital in Siliguri, after diagnosis properly, your doctor will go for the medical treatment procedure that best suited according to your conditions such as:
- to cut away the cancer only
- to remove the cervix
- to remove the uterus
- use externally at the affected area of the body
- use internally, by placing a device inside your vagina
- according to the condition might use both externally and internally
- low doses of chemotherapy are used with a combination of radiation
- high doses of chemotherapy are used in advanced stages of cancer
- Targeted therapy
- Palliative care
Still now, cancer is a leading deadly disease that when spread throughout your body many forms of cancers such as brain cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, bone cancer, head and neck cancer, and others.